Degenerative Joint Disease

Osteoarthritis or Hallux Rigidus (stiff toe) – The most common site of arthritis in the foot is at the base of the big toe or metatarsophalangeal (or MTP) joint and as a result, walking can become painful and difficult. Hallux rigidus usually develops in adults aged between 30 and 60 and may result from an injury to the toe or degenerative change in the foot anatomy that increases stress on the joint. There is often pain and motion limitation which is aggravated by exercise levels and footwear. Management of hallux rigidus can be conservative or surgical. Conservative methods include orthotics, physiotherapy and anti-inflammatory medication. Cortisone injections can provide short term relief. Surgery is recommended when damage is mild or moderate and it involved removing bone spurs as well as a portion of the foot bone so that the toe has more room to bend. This is called a cheilectomy. When symptoms are severe, arthrodesis in which the bones are fused and the joint is fixed permanently.

More posts

Blog posts

  • Shoulder Muscle Pain

    The shoulder is one of the most elaborate joints in the body. It is formed by numerous bones, tendons, ligaments and muscles. It is the most flexible joint in the body and allows us to throw, climb, hug, dab and loads more. Because the shoulder joint is so flexible, it is very prone to injury […]

  • Arthroscopic Shoulder Stabilisation

    Why do I need arthroscopic shoulder stabilisation surgery? The reason someone may need arthroscopic shoulder stabilisation is that their shoulder has become unstable due to an injury. This injury may have occurred as a result of a fall or running into something. This is quite common in contact sports, for example. This injury can loosen […]

  • What Is Patella Instability?

    The patella is your kneecap. It is one of three bones that makes up the knee. All of these bones have cartilage on their mating surfaces. It is this cartilage that allows them to move smoothly when you bend and straighten your knee. The patella is also enclosed by a tendon. This tendon connects the […]