Knee Ligament Injuries
There are four major ligaments around the knee; two collateral ligaments on the sides and two cruciate ligaments in the middle of the knee. Twisting injuries during activity can damage these ligaments leading to partial or complete tears. Symptoms include immediate pain and swelling and in most cases, further activity is impossible. Some patients feel their knee give our, sometimes a pop or snap can be felt. Over a week or so, the pain and swilling improves although the knee can feel wear or be prone to giving way. Treatment can include bracing and physiotherapy once the knee is less painful to regain full movement and to strengthen the knee. Some injuries, in particular a complete tear of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) do not heal even when surgically repaired. In these cases, an ACL reconstruction should be considered.