Degenerative Joint Disease

Osteoarthritis or Hallux Rigidus (stiff toe) – The most common site of arthritis in the foot is at the base of the big toe or metatarsophalangeal (or MTP) joint and as a result, walking can become painful and difficult. Hallux rigidus usually develops in adults aged between 30 and 60 and may result from an injury to the toe or degenerative change in the foot anatomy that increases stress on the joint. There is often pain and motion limitation which is aggravated by exercise levels and footwear. Management of hallux rigidus can be conservative or surgical. Conservative methods include orthotics, physiotherapy and anti-inflammatory medication. Cortisone injections can provide short term relief. Surgery is recommended when damage is mild or moderate and it involved removing bone spurs as well as a portion of the foot bone so that the toe has more room to bend. This is called a cheilectomy. When symptoms are severe, arthrodesis in which the bones are fused and the joint is fixed permanently.

More posts

Blog posts

  • Compression grips for pianists – do they help or harm?

    Katherine Butler assesses the effectiveness of compression grips for pianists – do they help or harm?   The focus of performing arts medicine/is performance enhancement through injury prevention. It is essential that musicians warm up and cool down before and after playing, keep their instrument well maintained, develop healthy practice habits and live a balanced […]

  • Sciatica

      What is sciatica? Sciatica is a term used to describe any kind of pain caused by irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is comprised of several nerves that branch out from each side of the lower spine. These nerves merge together to form the sciatic nerve, which runs through the […]

  • Whiplash

    What is whiplash? Whiplash is a type of neck injury caused by a sudden unexpected backward and/or forward jerking movement of the head, resulting in damage to the soft tissues (e.g. muscles, ligaments, discs, nerves) of the neck. Although whiplash is most commonly associated with motor vehicle accidents, it can also be caused by other […]