Osteoarthritis of the knee

Commonly found in older patients, the joint becomes roughened leading to pain, stiffness and swelling of the knee. Patients may become increasingly bow-legged or knock-kneed. As the condition worsens, pain can be felt at rest disturbing sleep and it may become difficult to fully straighten the knee or to kneel. In mild cases, symptoms can we controlled with pain killers or anti-inflammatory medication. Orthopaedic aids may help with mobility and activity medication or weight lose may also lessen symptoms. Physiotherapy may be advised to maintain muscle strength around the knee to alleviate symptoms. Injections can be useful for short-term pain relief although long term measures may include partial or total knee replacement. These operations aim to replace worn out parts of the joint with artificial components. Replacement may not last forever and can become loose requiring a further procedure; a revision knee replacement. However the majority last for 10 years or more.

More posts

Blog posts

  • What Is Patella Instability?

    The patella is your kneecap. It is one of three bones that makes up the knee. All of these bones have cartilage on their mating surfaces. It is this cartilage that allows them to move smoothly when you bend and straighten your knee. The patella is also enclosed by a tendon. This tendon connects the […]

  • What Is Femoro Acetabular Impingement?

    Your hip is formed by a ball and socket joint. Usually the ball of the joint moves smoothly within the socket. However, if a problem in the socket rim or the ball interferes with its movement, it can stop this smooth motion. This is known as a hip impingement or femoro acetabular impingement if you […]

  • What Is Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome?

    Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a condition that affects the joint between your kneecap and your thigh bone. This joint helps you bend and straighten your leg. As you do this, your kneecap moves smoothly back and forth inside the groove in your lower femur. Patellofemoral syndrome is often called runners knee as it is quite […]