Diabetic Foot Pathology

This is the umbrella term given to conditions that occur in the foot as a direct result of long term diabetes including ulceration, infection and Neuropathic arthropathy.

Ulceration in the foot is a serious condition affecting 15% of patients suffering from diabetes and is as a result of the abnormal wound healing process that affects diabetics. If ulcers are caught early, treatment can include appropriate wound dressings in conjunction with treatment to speed up the healing process and orthotics to correct bio-mechanics. However, in more serious cases surgery may be required to clean and rebuild the dermal layer. In the most severe cases amputation may be required.

Patients suffering with diabetes have a greater than average chance of developing infections in the foot due to nerve damage and poor circulation associated with diabetes. An x-ray may be required to determine whether the bone is infected. Treatment can include antibiotics or surgery to remove the infected area.

Orthotics may be prescribed to protect the area. Neuropathic arthropathy is the progressive degeneration of a weight bearing joint in the foot as a direct result of diabetes. This can result in joint deformity, ulceration, infection and/or loss of function. Treatment can include casts to immobilise the joint and surgical correction of the deformity and in serious cases, amputation may be required. Orthotics can also be helpful to correct misaligned bio-mechanics.

More posts

Blog posts

  • Wrist Cramps

    There are a variety of wrist conditions that can cause wrist cramps. Most often wrist cramps are accompanied by pain and this can stem from sprains, fractures or long-term conditions like carpal tunnel syndrome. The wrist is a very complex thing with tendons, muscles, ligaments and bone which can all be responsible for wrist cramps. […]

  • Why Is My Ankle Making A Popping Sound?

    Ankles pop for many reasons, but one of the most common is because of an ankle injury. Ankle injuries are common, the most common being an ankle sprain. An ankle sprain means that the ankle has been twisted or rolled. This stretches or tears the ligaments in the ankles which results in swelling and pain. […]

  • Minimally Invasive Foot Surgery FAQs

    There’s a lot of questions that come with operations like minimally invasive foot surgery. So, today, we thought we would answer some of these questions. If you’re having foot surgery soon, we hope you find this article helpful. What is minimally invasive foot surgery? This foot surgery is a method that allows surgeons to correct […]